To know what is inside a mattress, you have to understand the basics. Generally, a mattress is made up of several layers. For a mattress to be comfortable, it must contain a:
• Support Layer
• Comfort Layer
• Other Special Features (optional)
Each layer does contain a different variety of materials depending on the kind of mattress you are looking for or manufacturer’s preferred material used. These materials are designed to offer a supportive sleeping surface and comfort.
- The Support Layer
This is the innermost layer and it is the main part/layer of a mattress. The work of this layer is to give a person’s body the support it needs. Furthermore, it is the main contributor to how firm the mattress will be. Supportive layers are usually made of:
• Spring – These are metal coils and commonly used in mattresses
• Foam – These is a high-density material known as Reflex foam and they are common
• Polyester Batting – This type of material is commonly used in pillow-top mattresses
• Wood – Although not commonly used, they are used in some mattresses for great temperature regulation and extra padding
• Cotton – This Material is used both on the outside and inside of the mattress
• Water – Waterbeds or mattresses were common in the 70s and 80s
• Hybrid – Hybrid materials is a combination of either two or three different materials like spring and foam
- The Comfort Layer
The comfort layer is often a few inches and makes up the first layer of a mattress surface. Just like the support layer, the comfort layer can be made up of different variety of materials that vary in:
• Cushioning the sleeping surface
The kind of material used in a mattress is designed to enhance comfort or enhance structural support. Examples of some of the commonly used materials as the comfort layer include:
• Memory form
• Natural fillings like silk, wool, or cotton
• Gel-infused foam
• A soft white fiber material
- The Cover
The cover simply means exactly that. These are materials that are visible and used to cover the mattress. These covers vary quite significantly in terms of functionality and touch. The covers are generally available in two choices, which are:
• Damask Covers – This is a material that is very popular and offers great breathability. It provides a soft finish that is extremely hard wearing. It is made from a woven material that is often than not patterned.
• Knitted Covers – Just like the name suggests, it is a cover that is knitted using soft fabric. The fabric is also has fabricated properties. This cover is often used in mattresses that have latex or memory foam as the supporter. It can also be used in other types of mattress support as well such as hybrid mattresses.
On the other hand, cover finishes do also vary depending on the manufacturer’s design and preference. The most common finishes include:
• And plain
- Other Special Features or layers
Any other feature or layer can be added depending on the manufacturer’s design and product lines. It is important to note that these features are optional and does not come with all mattresses on the market. Furthermore, these features are often included in a mattress’s cover layer. Some of these features may include:
• A removable Covers – Just like the name suggests, the cover can be removed or replaced with ease. Many of these types of removable covers are dry-cleaned only. As such, it is wise to consult your buyer’s guide.
• Washable Covers – There are some mattress covers that are not only removable, but washable using an ordinary home washing machine. Also, it is wise to consult your buyer’s guide.
• Body Temperature Regulating Feature – some covers have been fitted with body regulating features that help cool you down if you are hot, and vice versa. This feature often works by absorbing moisture and storing heat. It only releases it when your body needs warmth. They are often breathable, hypoallergenic, and uses electricity.